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ABOUT RUSSIA / GEOGRAPHY AND NATURE / PEARLS OF RUSSIA / PETROVSKY MONASTERY


Pearls of Russia

Cultural heritage

The Petrovsky or Vysokopetrovsky Monastery

The Petrovsky or Vysokopetrovsky Monastery is located in Petrovka Street, 28. Magnificent Naryshkin-s Palace and a red brick wall with a bell-tower form the center of the local scenery. There-s a legend that the Grand Duke Ivan Kalita had a vision on that place. He decided to erect a men-s monastery, and began that grandiose building with the erection of a church in honor of the Bogolyubsky Holy Virgin.
It happened in 1326. Ivan Kalita-s tutor Metropolitan Peter interpreted the vision as a prediction that he would die earlier than the Grand Duke. And he was not wrong in that supposition of his. This gave rise to the building of the Cathedral of St. Peter the Metropolitan, which was created by Alevis Novy.
For a long period of time the history of the Vysokopetrovsky Monastery has been connected with the name of Peter the Great. When Peter I was born Naryshkins endowed their palace to the monastery in honor of the event.
Czarina Natalia Naryshkina, mother of Peter the Great, built the Cathedral of the Bogolyubsky Holy Virgin, Sergey Radonezhsky-s church and ordered to erect the Pokrovskaya church and a western wall with a bell-tower.
By that act she wanted to bemoan her brothers, killed during the streletsky riot, and to honor the victory of her son over his rebellious sister. Later on Czarina Natalia Naryshkina and Peter I-s grandfather Kirill (who had spent 30 years in exile before he mysteriously died) were buried in the Bogolyubsky Cathedral.
In 1771 during the plague epidemic the Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery was used as a hospital. And during the Napoleon-s invasion the emperor-s marshal Mortie administered justice and mete out punishment over the citizens of Moscow.
The monastery was ransacked. The latest building, attached to the monastery in 1905, was the church of the Kazan Holy Virgin. In 1926 the Vysokopetrovsky Monastery was closed. The renewal of the monastery began in the 1990s.
The patriarch church was accommodated in the monastery. Divine services were also resumed in Sergey Radonezhsky-s cathedral.

District: Downtown
Address: 28, Petrovka St., Moscow
Underground: Chekhovskaya
Phones: (095) 209-13-10, 923-75-10



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