Volgograd, administrative centre of the Volgograd oblast, is located in 1073 kms to southeast from Moscow on a bend of the down strem of Volga, lasts more than on 70 kms on the right coast of the river.
Volgograd oblast borders with Voronezh, Saratov, Rostov, Astrakhan oblasts, kalmykia Republic and Kazakhstan. Territory of oblast - 113,9 thousand sq. km. The population (for January, 1, 1998) - 2699,7 thousand persons, population density (for January, 1, 1998) - 23,7 persons on 1 sq. km.
The climate is continental. Volgograd is the large river port. In the western part of city there is the international airport located.
The city of Volgograd was established more than 400 years
ago primarily because of its location at the crossroads
of both land- and water- ways. It has experienced three
changes in its name during that time - first it was Tsaritsyn,
then it was Stalingrad, and currently it is referred to as
Volgograd - and was the site of one of the most significant
& decisive battles of World War II.
Below are some
brief highlights from Volgograd's first four hundred years.
Volgograd, known worldwide as the setting for the Second World War's Stalingrad battle, is the gateway to southern Russia. The city is located 1073 km southwest of Moscow at the point where the Volga-Don Canal connects these two large Russian rivers.
Main industries in the region include chemical & petrochemical processing, metallurgicals, food processing, construction, and agriculture.
The region is rich in valuable natural resources such as oil, natural gas, phosphorites, cooking and chloromagnesium salts, mineral water, mason's sand, and limestone. It also possesses rich grain-producing soils.
Volgograd claims to be the world's longest, thinnest city. It stretches nearly 100 kilometers along the Volga River, but is often no more than 5 kilometers wide.
The Volgograd Oblast is one of Russia's largest industrial centers - there are over 1000 registered industrial enterprises in the region alone. Collectively these industries bring in 50% of the region's income and employ 30% of the total work force. As a result of its industrial output, the region ranks 17th (of 89) in comparison to other regions throughout Russia.
The region's diversified industry base includes
Chemical and petrochemical industries (14%)
Food processing (12%)
Ferrous metallurgy (10%)
Light manufacturing (10%)
The largest industrial enterprises in Volgograd are
Red October Metallurgical Plant
Volgograd Aluminum Plant
Volgograd Tractor Works
Volgograd Pipe-making Factory
KhimProm Chemical Refinery
Other major industrial centres in the region include Petrochemical/Chemical plants, Tire Manufacturing Facility and a Pipe Factory in Volzhsky, Concrete Factory in Mikhailovka and a Textile Plant in Kamyshyn - one of the largest cotton processors in European Russia.
Modern Volgograd is one of the most beautiful cities of Russia. According to general plan of 1945 it has kept historically usual linear system of a lay-out, and the coastal part was exempted from industrial constructions, warehouses etc.
The Volgograd Oblast boasts a rich cultural and historical heritage which is celebrated in the city's cultural foundations.
There are enough theaters and museums to keep most any
visitor to Volgograd busy for quite some time. The circus
and the planetarium are also popular with visitors. Below, you will find a list of the major museums and theaters in Volgograd, followed by a complete list of their addresses and phone numbers.
The Volga River plays an important role in the everyday lives of the citizens of Volgograd. Below, ther is a brief description of some of the Volga River Activities you can incorporate in your stay.
Volgograd is most well-known worldwide for its museums which
commemorate the city's participation in World War Two. During this war, known to Russians as the Great Patriotic War, the city was known as Stalingrad and acted as the stage for the battle which catalyzed the Allied victory in Russia. In addition to several WWII history museums, there are also several art museums, a planetarium, a museum of anthropology, and museums celebrating Volgograd's Volga German and Cossack populations.
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