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About Russia

Nations of Russia

The Aleuts

Their the self-name is the Unangan or the Anangin, probably originates from the Antangik, which means "person" or the Angangik, which means "living", "inhabitant". The Russians in the middle of the XVIII century gave the ethnonim the Aleuts. His modern interpretation could be various: the Aleut, the Islander (in the Chukotian), the Alyghuk, the Sea (in the Aleutian), the Alyve, the Eleve, "to tie, wind" (in the Chukotian), the Allitkhukh, "community", "group", "army", "command".The Aleuts were moved on the Commander islands (the Russian territory) in 1825 by administration of the Russian-American company from east islands of the Aleutian ridge. According to the census there were 702 of the Aleuts (including the mixed the Russian-Aleutian population). The Aleuts belong to the Arctic local race, but occupy the detached position, because they are allocated, in so-called, island group of populations. The Commodore Aleuts have presented the European mixture, but, as a whole, they are similar to east groups, though they form two subpopulations: the Berings and the Mednovian.Language of the Aleuts belongs to the Eskimo-Aleutian language family. The Commodore Aleuts language specificity determined by the insular -type of the settling and isolation from east relatives since 1867.Their language divided into two dialects. The Atkhinsky dialect is present on the Bering island, without significant changes of the Aleutian language grammar and lexicon. The special language of Creole type, with the mixed the Aleutian-Russian structure was created on the Medny Island, which the Russians do not understand at all and the Beringians can understand with a great difficulties.The early ethno cultural history of the Aleuts is connected to the Eskimos closely. The division of the uniform Eskimo-Aleutian commonality has taken place between 2600 years AD to 6000 years AD at the continental culture stage. Because the Eskimos and the Aleuts lexicon connected with the sea hunt is various. That connected to the developing of various territories of the Beringia and the American North by the Eskimos and Aleuts ancestors.Their formation on Aleutian islands is more preferable nowadays. The most ancient archeological finds indicate the genetic connection of local population with the Asian cultures.The Aleuts historic-cultural development depended on the policy of the Russian-American company who had influenced a life supporting and commodity ratio of their economy. Until 1867,the cultural traditions were in accordance with the common Aleutian (fur trade, a sea hunt, the provisions stocking, traditional elements of material culture) or partly modified (a dogs team, borrowed from Kamchatka). The Russians had the significant influence on the Aleuts. The second stage of the Commodore Islands history began when the American Trade Company has rented the islands for the period of 20 years (1871-1920). This period is characterized by partial infringement of cultural continuity that was connected to an intensification of commodity relations, increase of a share of the imported goods with the preservation of former kinds of trade activity. From 1891 the domestic companies rented the Commodore Islands, but previous tendencies of their culture development has remained, especially in the material culture sphere.The modern period of a history of the Aleuts Commodore Islands begins in 1920th. During this period the state undertook several actions against the depopulation processes in the islands, which happened in the second period of their history. They are an economic reorganization and the island fauna revitalization, the overcoming of island isolation, the integrative development of local economy, a welfare policy. The alien population prevalence on the islands promotes integration processes and territorial mobility that is typical for the modern aboriginal population of the North.


The Adygy I The Aguls I The Akhvakhs I The Aleuts I The Altaians I The Andians nations I The Andins I The Archins I The Armenians I The Aserbaijanians I The Assyrians I The Avars I The Baghulals I The Balkarians I The Baraba Tatars I The Bashkirs I The Besermians I The Bezhtians I The Botlikhs I The Bulgarians I The Buryats I The Byelorussians I The Chamalals I The Chechens I The Cherkess I The Chukchis I The Chuvashs I The Cossacks I The Crimean Tatars I The Dargins I The Didos I The Dolgans I The Enets I The Eskimos I The Estonians I The Evenks I The Evens I The Finns I The Gagauz I The Georgians I The Germans I The Ginukhs I The Godoberins I The Greeks I The Gypsies I The Hunzibs I The Ingush I The Itelmens I The Izhorians I The Jews I The Kabards I The Kalmyks I The Karachay I The Karatas I The Karelians I The Kazakhs I The Kets I The Khakass I The Khants I The Khvarshis I The Komi-Permyaks I The Komis I The Koreans I The Koryaks I The Kumuks I The Kyrgyz I The Laks I The Latvians I The Lezgins I The Lithuanians I The Mansis I The Maris I The Moldovans I The Mordvins I The Mountain Jews I The Nanais I The Negidals I The Nenets I The Nganasans I The Nivkhs I The Nogays I The Orochis I The Oroks I The Ossetians I The Permyak Komis I The Poles I The Russians I The Rutuls I The Saams I The Selkups I The Shors I The Small Nations of North I The Tabasarans I The Tajiks I The Tatars I The Tats I The Teleuts I The Tofalars I The Tsakhurs I The Turkmens I The Tyva I The Udeghes I The Udmurts I The Ukrainians I The Ulchis I The Uzbeks I The Veps I The Vods I The Yakuts I The Yukaghirs I

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