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Chitinskaya Oblast

Chitinskaya Oblast

Chitinskaya Oblast is situated in Transbaikalia. It borders upon Mongolia, the Republic of Buryatia, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Irkutskaya, Amurskaya Oblasts and China. Chitinskaya Oblast has internal borders with Aginsky Buryatsky Autonomous Okrug.

The main rivers belong to the basin of the Baikal, the Lena and the Amur (the Shilka, the Argun).

The climate is distinctly continental. The average temperature of January varies from -33 to -26 degrees, of July - from +17 to +21 degrees centigrade. Precipitations are 300 mm a year.

Chitinskaya Oblast was formed on the 26th of September, 1937. Its area is 412,5 thousand sq. km. (without the territory of Aginsky Buryatsky AO). The region includes 28 districts, 10 cities and towns, 4 urban districts, 41 urban settlements, 314 villages. The regional centre is Chita. The city was founded in the year of 1851. The distance between Moscow and Chita is 6074 km. The city consists of 4 districts: Zheleznodorozhny, Ingodinsky, Tsentralny and Chernovsky.

Other cities are Baley (1938), Borzya (1950), Krasnokamensk (1969), Petropavlovsk-Zabaikalsky (1926), Machoga (1950), Nerchinsk (1690), Sretensk (1783), Khilok (1951), Shilka (1951). The largest cities (number of inhabitants on the 1st of January, 1998, thousand people) are Chita (313,0), Krasnokamensk (56,8), Borzya (32,2).

Chitinskaya Oblast was separated from Dalnevostochny krai in 1937. In the years of 1922-1926 there existed Zabaikalskaya province, in 1851-1920 - Zabaikalskaya Oblast with its centre in Chita. Transbaikalia began to develop in 1653 when the group of Cossacks under command of Peter Beketov founded the first fortifications on the place of present Chita and Nerchinsk. In XIX century the region became the main and most known place of penal servitude connected first of all with extraction of gold. Decembrists were banished here.

The Trans-Siberian railway, laid right in the beginning of XX century, transformed Chita into the main transport unit of Transbaikalia.

The last "construction of the century" the Baikal-Amur highway affected the oblast too.

The Chita Regional Art Museum is the owner of the prize "Gold Palm - 96" awarded by the International Association of France "Partnership for the sake of progress".


Aginsky-Buryat AO I Altaisky Krai I Amurskaya Oblast I Arkhangelskaya Oblast I Astrakhanskaya Oblast
Belgorodskaya Oblast I Bryanskaya Oblast I Chelyabinskaya Oblast I Chitinskaya Oblast I Chukotsky AO I Evenksky AO I Irkutskaya Oblast I Ivanovskaya Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast I Kaliningradskaya Oblast I Kaluzhskaya Oblast I Kamchatskaya Oblast I Kemerovskaya Oblast I Khabarovsky krai I Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug I Kirovskaya Oblast I Komi-Permyatsky AO I Koryaksky Autonomous Okrug I Kostromskaya Oblast I Krasnodarsky Krai I Krasnoyarsky Krai I Kurganskaya Oblast I Kurskaya Oblast I Leningradskaya Oblast I Lipetskaya Oblast I Magadanskaya Oblast I Moscovskaya Oblast I Murmanskaya Oblast I Nenetsky AO I Nizhegorodskaya Oblast I Novgorodskaya Oblast I Novosibirskaya Oblast I Omskaya Oblast I Orenburgskaya Oblast I Orlovskaya Oblast I Penzenskaya Oblast I Permskaya Oblast I Primorsky krai I Pskovskaya Oblast I Rostovskaya Oblast I Ryazanskaya Oblast I Sakhalinskaya Oblast I Samarskaya Oblast I Saratovskaya Oblast I Smolenskaya Oblast I Stavropolsky krai I Sverdlovskaya Oblast I Taimyrsky AO I Tambovskaya Oblast I The Adygea Republic I The Altai Republic I The Bashkortostan Republic I The Buryatia Republic I The Chechnya Republic I The Chuvash Rebublic I The Dagestan Republic I The Ingushetia Republic I The Kabardino-Balkaria I The Kalmykia Republic I The Karachayevo-Circassian Republic I The Karelia Republic I The Khakasia Republic I The Komi Republic I The Mari El Republic I The Mordovian Republic I The North Ossetia I The Sakha Republic (Yakutia) I The Tatarstan Republic I The Tyva Republic I The Udmurtia Republic I Tomskaya Oblast I Tulskaya Oblast I Tverskaya Oblast I Tyumenskaya Oblast I Ulyanovskaya Oblast I Ust-Ordynsky Buryatsky AO I Vladimirskaya Oblast I Volgogradskaya Oblast I Vologodskaya Oblast I Voronezhskaya Oblast I Yamalo-Nenetsky AO I Yaroslavskaya Oblast I

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