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Penzenskaya Oblast

The most part of Penzenskaya Oblast is occupied by the Privolzhskaya height (331 meters high). In the south Penzenskaya Oblast borders upon Saratovskaya Oblast, in the west - upon Tambovskaya Oblast, in the north - upon Ryazanskaya Oblast, the Republic of Mordovia, in the northeast and the east - upon Ulyanovskaya Oblast.

The main rivers here are Sura, Moksha and Khoper. The climate is moderately continental. The average temperature of January is 12 degrees below zero; the average temperature of July is +19 degrees centigrade. Precipitations are about 600 mm a year. Forests occupy 20 % of the territory of the oblast.The oblast was formed in February 4, 1939. Its area is 43,2 thousand sq. km. Penzenskaya Oblast consists of 28 districts, 10 cities and towns, 4 urban districts, 16 settlements and 359 villages.

The regional centre is the Penza city. It was founded in 1663. The distance to Moscow is 709 km. The population totals 540 (in 1987), 548 thousand people (in 1994). The city includes 4 districts: Zheleznodorozhny, Leninsky, Oktyabrsky, Pervomaysky.

Penzenskaya Oblast is included into the Volga economic region. The basic industries are the machine-building industry (chemical, textile, compressor equipment, diesel engines, agricultural machines, devices, bicycles), the light (textile, shoe), food (sugar, flour-and-cereals and other), woodworking, paper industries and the industry of building materials.

The largest industrial centers are Penza and Kuznetsk. Penza is the administrative, industrial, transport and cultural centre of Penzenskaya Oblast. The city stands on the banks of the river Sura. Penza was founded as a fortress in 1663 (1596 according to the newest research). Situated in the chernozem zone Penza developed as a trading center in the 18th century. Penza has the highly developed light and woodworking industries. Manufacture includes diesel engines, compressor equipment, computers, agricultural machines, bicycles, etc.

Among places of interest are the Cathedral of Peter and Paul of the 18th century, the Cathedral of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery built in 18-19th centuries, the Museum of Local Lore, the Picture Gallery named after K.A.Savitsky.

Penzenskaya Oblast is known for its cultural traditions. The Penza territory is motherland of many famous people. Here live or were born such outstanding people as M.Y. Lermontov, A.N.Radishev, V.G.Belinsky, M.N.Zagoskin, I.I.Lazhechnikov, M.E.Saltykov-Shedrin, V.O.Klyuchevsky, D.V.Davydov, N.P.Ogarev, F.I.Buslayev, A.I.Kuprin, A.G.Malyshkin, V.E.Mayerhold, I.I.Mozzhukhin, K.A.Savitsky, A.V.Lentulov, N.N.Burdenko, N.F.Filatov, G.A.Zakharyin, P.N.Yablochkov; M.M.Speransky, A.B.Kurakin, S.F.Golitsyn, etc.

Penza Drama Theatre is more than 200 years old now. It was founded in 1793. In 1874 in Penza was opened the first Russian Stationary circus, which has recently celebrated its 125th anniversary.


Aginsky-Buryat AO I Altaisky Krai I Amurskaya Oblast I Arkhangelskaya Oblast I Astrakhanskaya Oblast
Belgorodskaya Oblast I Bryanskaya Oblast I Chelyabinskaya Oblast I Chitinskaya Oblast I Chukotsky AO I Evenksky AO I Irkutskaya Oblast I Ivanovskaya Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast I Kaliningradskaya Oblast I Kaluzhskaya Oblast I Kamchatskaya Oblast I Kemerovskaya Oblast I Khabarovsky krai I Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug I Kirovskaya Oblast I Komi-Permyatsky AO I Koryaksky Autonomous Okrug I Kostromskaya Oblast I Krasnodarsky Krai I Krasnoyarsky Krai I Kurganskaya Oblast I Kurskaya Oblast I Leningradskaya Oblast I Lipetskaya Oblast I Magadanskaya Oblast I Moscovskaya Oblast I Murmanskaya Oblast I Nenetsky AO I Nizhegorodskaya Oblast I Novgorodskaya Oblast I Novosibirskaya Oblast I Omskaya Oblast I Orenburgskaya Oblast I Orlovskaya Oblast I Penzenskaya Oblast I Permskaya Oblast I Primorsky krai I Pskovskaya Oblast I Rostovskaya Oblast I Ryazanskaya Oblast I Sakhalinskaya Oblast I Samarskaya Oblast I Saratovskaya Oblast I Smolenskaya Oblast I Stavropolsky krai I Sverdlovskaya Oblast I Taimyrsky AO I Tambovskaya Oblast I The Adygea Republic I The Altai Republic I The Bashkortostan Republic I The Buryatia Republic I The Chechnya Republic I The Chuvash Rebublic I The Dagestan Republic I The Ingushetia Republic I The Kabardino-Balkaria I The Kalmykia Republic I The Karachayevo-Circassian Republic I The Karelia Republic I The Khakasia Republic I The Komi Republic I The Mari El Republic I The Mordovian Republic I The North Ossetia I The Sakha Republic (Yakutia) I The Tatarstan Republic I The Tyva Republic I The Udmurtia Republic I Tomskaya Oblast I Tulskaya Oblast I Tverskaya Oblast I Tyumenskaya Oblast I Ulyanovskaya Oblast I Ust-Ordynsky Buryatsky AO I Vladimirskaya Oblast I Volgogradskaya Oblast I Vologodskaya Oblast I Voronezhskaya Oblast I Yamalo-Nenetsky AO I Yaroslavskaya Oblast I

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